The PUSPIPTEK remained as Indonesia’s main research complex. National Research Council is formed in 1984 which its members were from academia, R&D institutions, and industry as government advisor on S&T and to collaborate with Ministry of Research and Technology. Few planned five year development on S&T were initiated under PELITA I(1969-1974), PELITA II(1974-1979), PELITA III (1979-1984) and PELITA V (1984-1989) were initiated to focus on agriculture, industry, mining, employment opportunities, importance on pure and applied science. PELITA V focused prepare formulation on principal national programmer in research and technology fields through planning and development strategy.
Even though after changes in administration in Indonesia, the national plan on science and tech continues with developments such as National Development 2000 which were made law in 2002 for national system of research and development on application of science and technology,mechanisms and schemes on technology transfer, strategy policy of National Science and Tech Development 2001-2005 by IMRT, law of 2003 on education system.
Currently, Indonesia also cooperating with USAID to support science and tech development and innovation which include transfer of scientific knowledge and technologies which provide a catalyst to Indonesia to move forward on science & tech development and innovation progress which started since its independence in 1945. USAID assisted Indonesia by introducing medical technology which reduced the TB diagnose from weeks to hours, assisted Indonesian Academy of Sciences and Knowledge Sector Initiative to establish Indonesia science fund for world-class research to ensure Indonesia’s competitiveness in science and technology development. USAID also creates a mobile and web technology to reduce delays and save lives in medical crisis. USAID also collaborated with Indonesia government to improve its quality of scientific research, evidence-based decision and innovative approaches achieve Indonesian development goals. They also involved in tackling global challenges, especially in health sector, STEM education, marine conservation, biodiversity and climate change. USAID also arranged collaboration between Indonesian government and private sector to implement technology to achieve goals.
Like other developing countries, as of now Indonesia is not in the list of countries of leading countries in science and tech although notable scientific technological advancement and achievement done by Indonesians and as a developing country, they are one of nations that develop their own aerospace technology. Indonesia has made various advances in food technology where they use traditional knowledge in fermentation techniques which led to the development of fermented food that are popular in Indonesia now such as tempe and beverages such as tapai or tuak.
Recently, Grab, a ride-hailing platform in Southeast Asia, has launched its own master plan for Indonesia, which called as Grab 4 Indonesia 2020 which were endorsed by a body under Indonesia coordinating board which will see its investment worth USD 700 million over the next four years in aim to become Southeast Asia’s largest digital economy by 2020. This will also provide opportunity to all Indonesians to move into digital economy including a Grab R&D center in Jarkata to develop technology innovations for the Indonesian market and launching a social impact fund to invest in companies focused on financial inclusion and increase mobile payments and finance opportunities across Indonesia. The pillars of Grab 4 Indonesia master plan includes: creating new technology jobs and upgrade human capital, investment in Technopreneurship, and expand access for mobile payments and financial opportunities.
Science and technology industry in Indonesia still growing and despite all challenges that lies on them such as 1997-98 financial crises, 1997/98 racial riots in Indonesia and many other crisis, they still able to went through it and now heading towards a tech-advanced nation by 2020 as stated by earlier planning system. The technology giant, Apple, whom produce Apple phones, PCs, laptops, tablets and other popular devices has planned to set up a research and development center in Indonesia which is currently ongoing and it will be located in Sumatra or a city in Java Province. Indonesia will continue cooperate with other country in developing its science and tech plus innovation sector, which will need cooperation by Indonesian citizen itself, whom will bring the knowledge and eventually use it for the future generation.